If you suffer from advanced gum disease or have several missing teeth, you have probably considered dental implants to fix your smile. Dental implant surgery involves inserting a biocompatible metal post into your jaw to which is attached by an abutment to an artificial tooth. This leaves you with a new mouth full of teeth, restoring your smile and confidence and enabling you to speak and chew properly.
There are two different types of dental implants. These are endosteal and subperiosteal, which refer to where the implants are attached to your mouth. If you are considering dental implant surgery, it is helpful to learn about these two types of dental implants and associated techniques.
Endosteal Dental Implants
Endosteal is the most common type of dental implant. Endosteal means within bone or cartilage, so endosteal dental implants refer to implants that are fused into the bone in your jaw.
For those in good general health, have healthy gums, and sufficient bone in their jaw, endosteal implants are ideal. Endosteal implants are small titanium posts that are inserted surgically into the jawbone. An abutment is placed at the top of the post and connects to the artificial crown.
The endosteal implant process takes several months to complete. There are several steps to installing this type of implant, including implant placement, osseointegration, abutment installation, and attachment of your new teeth. Once your endosteal implants are in place, they act like your natural teeth.
Subperiosteal Dental Implants
Subperiosteal dental implants are available for patients whose jawbone does not support dental implants. Subperiosteal refers to the location of these implants, which is under the gum, but on top of or just touching the jawbone. Subperiosteal implants do not fuse to your jawbone; instead, a metal frame is inserted into your gums, on top of your jaw. Your gums grow over the frame, which supports your artificial teeth when they are installed.
Subperiosteal implants are recommended for patients whose jawbones are not fully grown, do not possess enough bone in their jaw, or who prefer not to attempt a bone augmentation procedure for their implants.
Subperiosteal dental implants do not take as long as endosteal implants because they do not require time for osseointegration, which is the healing and fusing of a jawbone to the implants. However, the procedure still takes several weeks or months, depending on your oral health condition.
New Dental Implant Techniques
Under the category of endosteal implants is a relatively new implant technique called All-On-4. One-on-One implants required that each implant and crown be inserted individually, meaning more discomfort, more dentist visits, and more money.
With the All-On-4 technique, an entire set of artificial teeth are installed using just 4 implants. This procedure is less invasive than the typical implant process, takes less time, and costs less money. If you are missing an entire arch, this may be an excellent tooth replacement option for you.
If you are ready to set up a dental implant consultation, call TruBlue Dentistry today. We’ll answer any questions and address any concerns you have about dental implants and discuss your options.